Roland Staveley

Apart from directing the film below, Staveley appeared as an actor in two films: The Martyrdom of Nurse Cavell (John Gavin, C. Post Mason, 1916) and The Mystery of a Hansom Cab (Arthur Shirley, 1925). He was a stage producer for J.C. Williamson.

The Enemy Within (Roland Stavely, 1918) dp Franklyn Barrett; Reg L. 'Snowy' Baker (Jack Airlie), John Faulkner (Henry Brasels), Lily Molloy; spy actioner; at 5500 ft (about an hour) this is earliest feature film to survive complete (Pike & Cooper: 76)

The main purpose of the film however was not to express concern about subversion in Australia, although it does incidentally reflect current paranoia; rather it was a Boy's Own adventure designed to display the heroic feats and daring stunt-work of one of Australia's most popular sportsmen, Reg L 'Snowy' Baker. During the course of the film he performs several amazing leaps in pursuit of the enemy, from horse to horse, and from a rooftop to a moving wagon. He also dives eighty feet into a bay to rescue the heroine from the tide, and soundly defeats a pack of hoodlums in hand-to-hand fighting. Pike & Cooper: 77.

This is the earliest Oz film I've seen (almost) complete. I didn't see Snowy jump from one car to another, but ticked all the other boxes. The silly heroine is lying on a rock, not actually tied up, wearing her swimming costume, and only metres from the shore—but still she has to be 'rescued'. Standards of beauty must have changed: she's so 'plain' (to be polite) that she looks like a female impersonator!

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